Charge Controller: limits the rate at which electric current is added to or drawn from electric batteries. It prevents overcharging and may protect against over-voltage, which can reduce battery performance or lifespan, and may pose a safety risk.
A power Inverter: is an electronic device or circuitry that changes Direct current (DC) to Alternating current (AC). Solar panels, generators, batteries produce DC current. Most home appliances use AC current . You will need an inverter to convert DC to AC current in order to use your electronic devices.
Grid Tie Inverter: is a power inverter that converts direct current(DC) electricity into alternating current (AC) with an ability to connect directly into your utility line( Home outlet). You can connect your solar panel to your grid tie inverter and plug your inverter directly into your wall outlet.
Watt Reader: is a device that calculates the wattage of appliances that are plugged into it. This device is great for calculating the output of your solar panels
Monocrystalline Solar Panel- Each module of this panel has one silicon crystal. Although more expensive than polycrystalline panels, Monocrystalline solar panels are more efficient and work better in lower light.
polycrystalline Solar Panel- Each module in this cast has multiple smaller crystals instead of one big sheet of crystals. Polycrstalline panels are cheaper because they are less expensive. They work best when the sun is shining directly on them. In recent years these panels are being made more effiecient therefore they are becoming the popular choice.